Ficus -- also called figs -- are among the most popular indoor plants, and for good reason. ), the edible fig (Ficus … Ficus species are commonly grown as ornamentals, for example, F. benjamina L. (Weeping Fig) and F. elastica Roxb. Their flowers are actually produced inside the package (syconium) we think of as the "fig." 1. Click on image to view plant details. Look for a Ficus tree with small reddish-orange flowers and glossy, dark-green leaves to identify the Moreton Bay fig (F. macrophylla). (Indian Rubber Plant) as potted plants and F. microcarpa L. var. and rainforest tree species.Photos depict the full tree, bark, fruit and leaf samples. Rodrigo A. S. Pereira & Finn Kjellberg, Web authors Weeping ficus is perhaps the most popular indoor tree. Fig fruit has many different possible shapes … Key to Ficus: cultivated species. Ficus, (genus Ficus), genus of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines in the family Moraceae, many of which are commonly known as figs. Laurel fig. Identification Key. to Ficus species in the Flora Zambesiaca region (Africa), website "Dichotomous" means "divided into two parts". Make sure you don't overwater this plant. Common fig is a shrub with fuzzy twigs and sandpapery, lobed leaves which is widely cultivated in the south and has escaped a few gardens in Massachusetts. We take photos in habitat so that you can see how the plants look and grow in different seasons. If you have a ficus tree that you move from a patio to the indoors, or vice versa, you may have noticed leaf drop. In greenhouses they are grown under 2000-5000 foot candles. Ref. The following photos will allow you to identify vine and other climbing plants. Pour just enough water into the pot to seep through the drainage holes at the bottom. Aerial roots that develop from its branches descend and take root in the soil to become new trunks. long FZ account for Ficus pumila: b - Trees or shrubs; leaves not heteromorphic go to 2: 2 a: Leaf lamina 3–5-lobed; figs ± broadly pear-shaped, pedunculate The pollination of figs involves a complex relationship between the plant and certain species of wasps. How to use this key 1) Use the leaves from a tree or find a picture of a tree you want to identify and click on the most appropriate match to the right. True fruits achenes, multiple fruit a syconium or fig. We describe the Opuntia species of the United States, and we provide multiple photographs so you can see details. Family: Moraceae; Ficus trees have fleshy, convex fruits, containing seeds in nut form. Useful tips for generic identification. Classification within the genus Ficus : Index to Ficus species pages: Identification Keys and Field Guides : Regional & country checklists of Ficus species: Books on figs: Fig exhibitions: Fig and fig … Species Overview. If the leaves fold easily, you may have overwatered your ficus. Identify My Houseplant. Fig trees are important components of rainforest and savannah ecosystems and provide food for many vertebrate and invertebrate animals . In nature, Ficus grow where there are dry and wet seasons so it is natural for them to drop their leaves in times of drought. of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Ficus Copyright 2004-2020 Iziko Museums of This web page shows identification images of Australian native fig (Ficus spp.) Figs have a very unusual pollination scheme. Care guide for the Fig / Ficus Bonsai tree (Ficus Retusa / Ginseng). Keys consist of a series of choices that lead the user to the correct name of a given item. Identifying Ficus Tree Diseases and Their Precautionary Measures Figs are popular decorative houseplants, especially for their rich foliage and modifiable canopy. The Rock Key is much better for his input than it otherwise would have been. South Africa. The most early ripening, flavorful, and productive cultivars perform best. Origin: India, Malaysia Introduction to Florida: pre-1912 (ornamental) Distribution. Nevertheless, one should be very attentive regarding the diseases that can afflict these trees, such as … Grapevine leafroll disease negatively affects vineyard productivity and quality of wine and table grapes in all major grape-growing regions worldwide (Charles et al. Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 1000 species, chiefly India, Malesia to Polynesia. Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France). development by Alex Hooker and George Weiblen, Key Sterile flowers usually present, similar in structure to the female but the style shorter and thicker. Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum), and Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots, Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling, Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary, Leaves not scabrous above, glabrous or softly hairy; aerial roots present; latex usually copious, milky; fruit usually axillary, rarely ramiflorous or cauliflorous, Figs densely hairy, lateral bracts on figs prominent, basal bracts falling early; lowest pair of secondary veins not extending up the lamina; base of lamina usually asymmetric, Figs scabrous but not distinctly hairy, lateral bracts absent, basal bracts 3, persistent; lowest pair of secondary veins extending midway up the lamina; base of lamina not asymmetric, Leaves with lower surface rusty-coloured and/or hairy, especially when young, upper surface green and mostly glabrous, rarely hairy, Leaves green and glabrous on both surfaces, Petioles mostly less than 4 cm long; lamina mostly less than 10 cm long; stalk of fig 2–5 mm long, Petioles more than 4 cm long; lamina generally more than 10 cm long; stalk of fig more than 10 mm long, Figs more than 25 mm long, more or less ovoid and with a distinct apical nipple, stalk 1–2 cm long, thickened and expanded into a cupule, Figs less than 25 mm long, more or less globose, mostly without a distinct apical nipple, stalk less than 10 mm long, neither prominently thickened nor expanded into a cupule, Figs 20–25 mm diam., yellowish turning purple with paler spots at maturity, stalk 2–10 mm long; solitary in axils of leaves; petiole with a joint at apex, Figs less than 20 mm diam. Its fleshy fruits are edible. Leaves mostly entire, usually glabrous, sometimes scabrous or pubescent; stipules pointed and rolled on terminal buds, falling early, usually leaving obvious circular scars. Ficus also offer a variety of textures, so there's one for practically everyone's personal style. enable Java on your web browser, Interactive Ficus (/ ˈ f aɪ k ə s / or / ˈ f iː k ə s /) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae.Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. Perianth segments usually 1–5. Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. Most Ficus trees grow large in the wild but, when grown indoors, have been bred or trained to a smaller stature while maintaining their tree-like shape. on ). Genus: Ficus), To access these keys you will need to key to the figs of Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, 2006, Almeida et al. Condit lists many characteristics in his own identifications, but I have room for only the major features of the fruit and leaves. Key differences from similar families. Indonesia (Borneo), by The following photos will allow you to identify indoor plants. The tree’s fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. It often has air-roots. C, SW, SE. hillii (Bailey) Corner (Hill's Fig) as a street tree in warmer coastal areas. Seeds vary in size, from small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit. (plants); Angiospermae key to the figs of New Guinea, under Most varieties of figs can be raised and ripened in short growing seasons if grown in pots and stored in a garage or basement during winter. Click on image to view plant details. Inflorescences structurally complex, racemose, spicate, globose, capitate or an urceolate receptacle (= syconium, fig). Key to the species : 1: Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots: Ficus pumila: Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling: 2: 2: Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary: 3 Ficus Identification. Timothy Laman and George Weiblen, Interactive


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