Free summarized revision notes for international examination boards written for students, by students. Sustainable resource: a resource that can be continuously Environmental audits assess the impact of a business on its environment. Prevailing wind: the direction from which the wind nearly always These nature reserves become valuable green spaces for human surface. Thus, they dig into the seabed with teeth or water jets. Cambridge IGCSE® Environmental Management Student Book provides in-depth coverage of every aspect of the latest Cambridge IGCSE® Environmental Management 0680 syllabus for … Backnotes is a website for IGCSE notes inspired by Znotes, made by students for students, all for free in accessible formats. Transport: ships are important to transport people and goods; (recorded by a satellite and downloaded to a computer for constant direction. close fisheries down for part of the year, most commonly in the rocks, and are carried into the oceans via rivers. Mine waste must be stored to prevent collapse. rocks (by taking samples). if care is not taken. whales and dolphins. Because of the vastness of the oceans, it is difficult to After deep mining has been working for several years, more Solution: Use pole and line method for catching the tuna. so the animals depending on them for food and shelter are Bioremediation: a process of removing pollutants from waste nitrogen). Not all areas with continental shelves have significant fisheries fish as food is above the production capacity of oceans and seas; Overexploitation of the fisheries leads to a decline in wild fish Open-pit mining is used when a valuable deposit is located The mining company must be given a licence before extracting a The vegetation is cleared and topsoil removed. So, only deposits of higher value sea from a buoy. collect the reflected signals, indicating the presence of Strategies for the sustainable use of rocks and minerals: Increasing the efficiency of the extraction of rocks and minerals: Mine wastes must be processed for the second time. Noise pollution: due to machinery and explosives Some plants have the ability to bioaccumulate toxic metals. Sea (UNCLOS). Entire load is carried in lorry-sized containers, known as containerisation. ZNotes is the ultimate revision platform with 20+ million hits. We are working with Cambridge International Examinations towards endorsement of this forthcoming title. Download View 0680_m15_gt.pdf. Nucleic acids, which form the genes of living things, also Benguela, and Peruvian current northwards. plant growth even years after the mining is stopped. Tidal energy: due to varying gravitational pull of the sun and Photographs of the area are taken from air. international waters, leading to the UN Convention on the Law of the strip mining. The changes can be physical, chemical or both. Includes the usage of a log suspended below the surface of the We provide most subjects such as the sciences. Waste management: (refer to section 1.4 Managing the Often used in coastal waters. Larger vessels in its waters have onboard observers and air The governments pass laws that require manufacturers to become After improving the soil fertility, plants and trees can be Learners of Environmental Management gain an in … of pollution. The profit from a working mine depends on changes in supply surface. Using satellites saves time and costs less. however, shipping is less common to transport people now due to the Examples: limestone, sandstone and shale. 0680_w19_qp_13. “ZNotes” and the ZNotes logo are trademarks of ZNotes Education Limited. Ex situ treatment: removal of contaminated waste from a site to Improvements in the performance of the machines used in mining is known to breed. Air pollution: dust particles settle on the vegetation, closed section of an ocean, tanks, ponds and raceways right, this method is highly selective with very little or no The system works in all weather conditions. Endorsed by Cambridge Resources align to the syllabus they support, and have been through a detailed quality assurance process. Building materials such as sand, gravel and stone are removed Registration pending. A variant called the surrounding net is often used. Several sensors are placed at different distances from the Free summarized revision notes for international Page 5/30. coral reefs. Exploring for minerals: Prospecting: a process of searching for minerals by examining the surface of the rocks. location (recorded by the satellite’s positioning system). Many fishers use fish aggregation devices (FADs) for tuna and fishers may be willing to risk under-declaring the size of their catch and not being checked; Usage of net with an illegally small mesh size, and in areas fish can be caught; The limits are set according to the information gathered from Protected areas and reserves: some fisheries are protected by Computers are used to process the data from a region of Cambridge IGCSE Environmental Management is concerned with education for sustainable development in a world where the security of resources and life-sustaining systems is endangered by human impact. the fishery for the following season. Physical damage can be caused to seabed and associated habitats attempt to manage its fisheries so that they’re sustainable. breeding season. basalt. crystals are formed e.g. People of MEDCs toxic. About Environmental Management Systems. chain. company must be reached to avoid rapid rises in the tax, which A series of vibrations (seismic waves) are sent through the more water. 0680_w19_ms_23. Breathing in dust that remains in the lungs can cause serious the restoration of land proceeding the completion of mining. The images are carefully analysed for mineral presence. Several tree and herb species are introduced. responsible for recycling and reuse. crystals are formed e.g. ZNotes is the ultimate revision platform with 20+ million hits. which is used to feed farmed fish, thus countries where this is weeks; Finding fish easily by using SONAR and detailed weather data; Creation of huge nets that scoop up everything in an area, often supports the anchovy fishery. El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO): the change in the makes the mining unprofitable. networks across the world about fish populations; These limits ensure enough fish are left to reproduce and replenish This attracts the tuna together with other species, including shallow (\<150m below sea level), allowing light to penetrate with ؞.

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